Tag Archives: Orphan Train Riders

Sister Justina Bieganek, OSF, continues her heavenly journey

Sister Justina Bieganek died yesterday at age 100.  She was surrounded by her Franciscan community and the undying love of an extended family that embraced her beloved Orphan Train Riders and their descendants.  Sister Justina was a prime mover and the Franciscan Center the meeting place for hundreds of families who might not have known their own or others’ stories were it not for the unflagging work of this diminutive woman

Sister Justina was herself an Orphan Train Rider. !hen she who made the trek from the New York orphanage to Minnesota in 1913 she was identified only as #41.  She was not yet two years old.  The little girl whose birth name was Edith Peterson had a happy childhood on the farm near Avon, Minnesota, with Mary and John Bieganet and their large family.  When Mary Bieganek died in 1919 one of the Biaganek sons and his wife opened their home to the six-year-old Edith.

Edith’s introduction to the Sisters of St. Francis came when, as a teen, she attended a Franciscan boarding school.   In 1929 young Edith joined the Franciscans, taking the name Sister Justina.

For decades Sister Justina was a busy woman with little time or resources to explore her roots.  It wasn’t until 1969 that she was able to visit the New York Foundling Hospital where she learned her parents’ names and that the reason she was placed in the orphanage and thus on the Orphan Train was recorded as her widowed mother’s “inability to care for the child.”

Inspired by learning something of her roots Sister Justina had a new mission – to locate and reach out to other Orphan Train Riders and to collect and preserve their stories. She was not the only inquisitive Rider; two women from North Dakota who had shared the Orphan Train experience had also realized that they were not alone.   In July 1961 Minnesota was the first state to sponsor a gathering of Orphan Train Riders.

Soon, with Sister Justina’s active involvement, the Orphan Train gathering moved to the gracious setting at the Franciscan Center in Little Falls where it has become an honored tradition.  At first it was the Riders themselves, then their children joined them, and their grandchildren and a host of others eager to learn more about the Orphan Train Riders – the people and their stories.

Since the Orphan Train stopped running in 1929 there are few Riders still living.  Still, the gathering at Sister Justina’s Franciscan home continues as a time and setting for families to share memories, pour over scrapbooks and family photos, relax  and enjoy their common heritage.

In January this year the Orphan Train families and the Franciscans celebrated Sister Justina’s 100th Birthday with a grand party open to all who knew and loved Sister Justina. The proud and perky centenarian reflected that  “at each step of my life, I have been graced with God’s great blessings,” concluding that “my life has been better than good.”

With a look to the future she added “I pray for a happy death and I look forward to meeting my parents.”

The Orphan Train Riders Gather in Little Falls, MN

The 50th Anniversary Reunion of the Minnesota Orphan Train Riders met Saturday, October 2, at St. Francis Center in Little Falls.  Over 150 attendees, including three Orphan Train Riders (all 90 years-plus) participated in a wonderful day of learning, reminiscence, photographs and the warmest possible hugs.  An earlier post described the program – this note is just to underscore that the day was perfect in every way.  The eagerness of families to learn the stories of their parents and grandparents was palpable.

And the resources for learning were rich.  The room was filled with scrapbooks, photos, clippings, family memoirs and more.  The featured program was one-woman tour de force theatrical performance by professional actress Pippi White.  Her information rich presentation brought tears, laughs and an incredible documentary story of the nation’s immense immigration initiative that transported some 250,000 children from the streets of New York, primarily to towns and farms in the Midwest.  The estimation is that there are now 4,000,000 descendents of these children

All present agreed that the story of the Orphan Train Riders and of their immense contributions needs to be integrated into the mainstream histories at the national, state and local levels.  These committed leaders are building an immense documentary record to support that effort.

OTR descendents and interested, but welcomed, people like me were unanimous in the conclusion that the one word that describes the Orphan Train Riders is SURVIVOR.  Those survival skills served them and contributed mightily to the strength of their communities, churches, schools, businesses – and most of all families – that thrive today.

The day was videotaped and Pippi’s DVD was on sale.  Sales were so swift that the supply needs to be replenished.  Watch this site for more information about purchase on these new resources.

Orphan Train Riders

Through stage productions, video and countless personal reflections most of us know something about the experiences of the Orphan Train Riders.  Beginning in 1854 and continuing until 1929  as many as 200,000 children were put on West-bound trains where they were sent to live – with mixed results – with new families in new homes.  The stories of these children, well recorded in numerous reports, are compelling.  Their descendents are estimated at over 2,000,000.

Thanks to committed individuals including an indefatigable Orphan Train Rider, Sister Justina Bieganek, OSF, the stories of Minnesota’s orphan train children are reflected, recorded and retold with love and care.  And each fall Orphan Train Riders and their descendents gather at the St. Francis Center in Little Falls, Minnesota, to remember.  Midst hugs, tears, laughs, scrapbooks, performance and good food, the stories unfold in a warm and wonderful celebration of tough times, good times, lives lived and survival.

One good story begins in 1913 when a 22 month baby arrived in Avon, Minnesota on the Orphan Train where she was met by John and Mary Bieganet who knew her only as child No 41.  The little girl was given the name Edith Peterson.  That little girl, now a nonagenarian, picks up the story.  “In 1929,” she notes, “two good things happened — the Orphan Train stopped and I entered the Convent.”  To be sure, in 1929 the young Edith Peterson joined the Sisters of St. Francis Little Falls where she took the name Sister Justina.

Among her many commitments over the past decades Sister Justina has played a key role in keeping the stories of the Orphan Train Riders alive.  In July 1861 Minnesota was the first state to carry out a gathering of Orphan Train Riders.  It all started when two Orphan Train Riders from North Dakota discovered their common heritage.  They decided that “if there are two of us, how many more shells in the ocean can we find?”   Starting with an ad in area newspapers, the region’s Orphan Train Riders met, reached out, and created a tradition that continues today with an annual gathering at the Franciscan Center in Little Falls.

This year, Sister Justina and her colleagues share the day with special relish. On Saturday, October 2, 2010, families, friends and interested persons (including “interested persons” Suzanne Mahmoodi and me) will gather for the 50th Celebration of Orphan Train Riders of New York (the generic name for the Riders groups).  A special feature of this year’s reunion is presentation of The Story of the Orphan Train, a one-woman show created by professional actress Pippa White of One’s Company Productions.

Impossible as it is to capture the spirit of the reunion, there are many ways to share the story.  Sister Justina herself is profiled in print and has created a 40-minute DVD in which she shares her experience of riding the Orphan Train from New York to central Minnesota.  Information about that video is available through the Sisters of St. Francis (info@fslf.org).   Among the several websites devoted to the Orphan Train Riders are many that are state-specific,  maps, statistics, personal reflections, contacts and more.  There is also a great website offering quick links to scores of educational resources and projects.

The story of the Orphan Train Riders offers a close and clear reminder of our relatively recent history rich with challenges, choices and consequences.  Long-time historian of Minnesota’s Orphan Train Riders Renee Wendinger has created an excellent up-to-date collection of articles by and about the Orphan Train Riders replete with original newspaper clippings, details re. the railroad depots, geograhic distribution and more   For a list of Minnesota’s Orphan Train Riders, check here.  Many thanks to Sister Justina and to the many Orphan Train Riders and their progeny who tell the stories, whether replete with pain or happy memories, stories so far and yet so near.